Al Cuppett's Illustration of
VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE
Explained by Jim Searcy
We still have no reason to doubt that the KJV Bible we hold in our hands is the very word of God preserved for us in the English language. The authority for its veracity lies not in the first printing of the King James Version in 1611, or in the character of King James I, or in the scholarship of the 1611 translators, or in the literary accomplishments of Elizabethan England, or even in the Greek Received Text. Our authority for the infallible words of the English Bible lies in the power and promise of God to preserve His Word! God has the power. We have His Word.
The first book ever printed mechanically was a Bible printed in Europe about 1455 on a press invented by Johann Guttenberg.
The Septuagint, commonly designated LXX, is the oldest Greek version of the Old Testament of the BIBLE, the title "seventy" referring to the tradition that it was the work of 70 translators (or 72 in some traditions). The translation was made from the Hebrew Bible by Hellenistic Jews during the period 150-275 AD at Alexandria. (Some textual critics like to date the Septuagint like 200 BC; but, that simply is NOT true.) Initially the Septuagint was widely used by Greek-speaking Jews, used it in preference to the Hebrew original, however when it was compared with the MUCH MORE TRUSTWORTHY Mezorite Texts, the Jews ceased to use it. It is still used by the Greek Orthodox church. Ancient manuscripts from Qumran (Dead Sea Scrolls) suggest that the Septuagint often followed a Hebrew text different from the much more trustworthy Mezorite Hebrew text. Thus its value for textual criticism has been enhanced. The Septuagint provides an understanding of the cultural and intellectual settings of Hellenistic Judaism. It also again proves the superiority of the Majority text, used for the Authorized English Scriptures.
There are two manuscript streams from which bible versions are made. There is truth and there is error. There is One True God. We must also contend with Lucifer the false god of this world and father of lies. Lucifer's fingerprints can be found on the stream of error flowing from the wrong stream of "scholarship." The Antioch, Syrian, Textus Receptus, Majority Text stream is the tree which produces the Authorized scriptures. These scriptures agree with each other 100% of the time. This is verified by the Dead Sea Scrolls and true scholarship. The Alexandria or Vatican stream or tree is where we find the Luciferian scholars Wescott and Hort. This Alexandria or Vaticanus tree produces all the error in the Non-Authorized scriptures.
That does not mean that God can not work through the other version perversions. However, we should all consider what Paul wrote in 1 Cor 1:10 Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.
The first English versions of the entire Bible were made (1380-93) by John Wycliffe and his associates who used the Latin text. The Reformation gave further impulse to translations into modern languages, notably that of Martin Luther in German and William Tyndale in English. Among later versions are the following: Miles Coverdale's Bible (1535), Matthew's Bible (1537), the Great Bible (1539), Geneva Bible (1560), Rheims-Douai Bible (1582, 1609), King James, or Authorized, Version (1611), English Revised Version (1881-85), American Standard Version (1946-57), New English Bible (1961-70), Jerusalem Bible (1966), New American Bible (1970), Today's English Version (1966-76), the Revised Standard Version (1946-1971), Living Bible (1971), New International Version (1978), and the New King James Version (1982).
During the Renaissance, a revival of the study of Greek and Latin classics occurred that led Christian scholars to study Hebrew. Literary and historical criticism, which had been carried on in ancient times, now received a new impetus. Although the allegorical method never died out in Catholicism and Protestantism, the new learning influenced the study of the Bible, and in the 18th century the techniques of classical studies began to be employed systematically. Improved dictionaries and grammars were part of this process.
Textual criticism is a form of pompous "scholarship" which tries to replace the work of the Holy Spirit with intellectualism. This is the comparison of manuscripts of the Bible in the original languages and versions, including quotations by ancient authors, to determine as nearly as possible the original wording. Literary criticism is the study of the document itself in comparison with other books--biblical and nonbiblical--to disclose the method, style, and purpose of the author; the author's identity; the written and oral sources used by the author; and the date and place of the writing. This has led to "theories" regarding sources of the Pentateuch and the Gospels, the dating of Paul's letters, and the distinctions between parts of Isaiah.
There is only one Bible that is an accurate Authorized Bible assembled from the Majority or Received texts.
That is why there is great, although subtle, differences between the KJV and other modern version perversions of the Bible. The modern versions are translated from different corrupted manuscripts.
The two main manuscript types are referred to as the Majority Text and the Minority Text. Any "scholar" who will not acknowledge the superiority of the Majority Texts is either willingly ignorant, stupid, or a liar. The KJV is translated from the Majority Texts, or Textus Receptus, or Received texts. These texts are older. There are more of them. (I see God's hand there watching over and preserving His written word.) The Textus Receptus was assembled by the greatest most pious intellect since the Apostle Paul, Erasmus.
In addition to the second and third century papyri, which show that the KJV text-type dominated the early church, codex W (fourth century) and Codex A (fifth century) support the KJV. In addition, the Sinaitic Syriac Version (third century), the Gothic Version (fourth century) and the Peshitta Syriac (now dated much earlier than the fifth century) agree with the KJV.
New version editors exhibit gross unfamiliarity with recent papyri scholarship. The oldest papyrus in the world, P66 has predominantly KJV readings. They are also in the dark concerning the much greater number of the older texts agreeing with the Majority Text. Typical footnotes in the modern version perversions explaining their gaps says "Some manuscripts insert..." A truthful footnote would read, "All manuscripts except one insert ...."
Their footnotes almost invariably sow doubt instead of faith. They tend to have God become the impersonal "One" of Hindus and New Agers. Christ becomes a position rather than a Person. Yeshua, Jesus, is often made just a man, as many of the scriptures where He was worshipped are often removed. In short with their, on average 64,000 deletions, new version perversions line up with the new creeds of the New Age.
The Majority texts are much more thoroughly researched. They did not spend the whole 1000 years of the Dark Ages where the pope's monks could change them, in the Vatican. The Majority Texts agree with each other 100% of the time. God does not change and is not the author of confusion.
A great honest scholar of modern times, Dr. Frank Logsdon, repented of his work as Co-founder and Chief-editor of the New American Standard Version. Before he died he said, the modern translations use corrupted Greek texts. He said, "You can say the Authorized Version (KJV) is absolutely correct. How correct? 100%correct! I believe the Spirit of God led the translators of the Authorized Version. If you must stand against everyone else, stand." (7)
The modern translations from the Minority Texts, (Alexandrian, in which the Vaticanus and Siniaticus are used) do NOT agree with each other about 3,000 times in the gospel alone. This is the cause of the many contradictions. They invariably lower the deity of Yeshua Messiah, Jesus Christ. They deny or soft peddle much of what God calls sin. They often obscure and soft peddle the reality of hell. Who is the author of confusion?
Many of the modern "scholars" are ignorant of the superiority of the Majority texts. Very simple study shows the Majority texts, to be so vastly superior that these "scholars" who don't recognize the superiority of the Majority texts are so willingly ignorant they are either stupid or liars. That is the only way a "scholar" would not recognize the superiority, of not only the Majority texts, but also the Authorized English Scriptures, or the KJV. It is the only 100% correct bible in the English language. It is also the only Bible that is NOT copyrighted. There are no copyrights in the Kingdom.
Finally the Authorized written word of God was put together by a group of Holy Spirit inspired translators who completed their work under the auspices of the evil King James in 1611. These scholars knew the superiority of the Majority or "Received" texts. I see the hand of God providing such a final purification of His written word under the nose of, and even funded by, an evil king. Alleluia! There is also a warning there for all those who think they are doing so much for God. God can use an evil king and even make a jackass talk if necessary.
Historical criticism, which is the method of all serious historians, applies all these disciplines to the Bible and takes into account all historical evidence available, in both written documents and archaeological discoveries. Thus Ugaritic, Babylonian, Assyrian, Egyptian, Persian, and other records used with the Bible, aid in reconstructing the course of Hebrew history. New Testament history and the development of early Christian theology are illuminated by studying the documents of the Jewish and Greco-Roman religions and Christian writings outside the New Testament. All of the study, archaeological discoveries, and the Dead Sea scrolls prove that the Authorized scriptures, the KJV is the 7th purification of the written Word of God referred to in Psa 12:6 The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.
The KJV, Authorized version, is the 7th and final purification of the written word of God. Our authority for the infallible words of the KJV English Bible lies in the power and promise of God to preserve His Word!
While most of you know why the KJV is the ONLY Holy Bible for English speaking people, there are probably many that do know the facts and truth for making such a statement. You may find much more information on this subject such as tables of the omissions and additions, the confession of Dr. Franck Logsdon, the diagram of Al Cuppett, and much more at this location: http://www.moresureword.com/versions.htm
Most people from the pulpit on down do not know that ALL modern version perversions of the Holy Bible were put together by unbelieving copyists and unbelieving translators. These Unbelievers have laid the ground for the production of millions of modern English Bibles which are nothing more than counterfeits of the Real Word of God - the Authorized King James Version.
Two great deceptions have now overtaken mankind. The first is the unproved Theory of Evolution and the second is the counterfeit evolving bibles that are currently flooding the market. Both cast doubt on the accuracy of the Real Word of God, the King James Holy Bible. Unbelievers and believers alike are in a serious danger of being taken in by one or the other of these deceptions. But God is faithful. He who inspired the Bible in the first place, is well able to preserve His Word. Indeed, He has preserved it down through the ages as promised: "The Word of the Lord abideth forever!"
The original inspired autographs (Masters) which were penned by the prophets and apostles of old, have long since disappeared. They literally fell apart through constant use and are no more. There are none in existence today.
Before the Old Testament Masters were buried, they were copied by faithful scribes. The Old Testament scribes were Levitical priests and later the Masorites. They took the utmost care to insure that every letter, of every copy was as perfect as humanly possible. Even one single error, one letter, was enough to have an entire manuscript rejected.
The New Testament copyists were not nearly as meticulous as their Old Testament counterparts. However, this deficiency was compensated by the vast number of copies made, many thousands of which are still in existence. So the truth can easily be detected in the majority of texts.
There are in excess of 5250 Greek manuscripts in existence. They are held in various museums and libraries of the world. In addition there are over 1800 copies of the versions and over 86,000 scriptural citations of the Church Fathers. This sizable body of documentary evidence has proved the accuracy of the Scriptures. This large body of documentary evidence has ensured that small errors are soon detected. Do not forget that God promised to preserve His Word forever! He has done what He promised.
A version is a translation made directly from the original masters; not to be confused with a translation, or a translation of a translation, and certainly not to be confused with a paraphrase. There are many foreign language versions of the Scriptures, such as, the Peshitta, Old Latin Vulgate, Italic, Gothic, Old Syriac, Armenian, Waldensian, Luther's German Bible, and the Authorized King James Version.
Textus Receptus, the text received from the Majority Text, is the most reliable Greek text in existence. It is in agreement with the vast majority of extant Greek manuscripts. The Textus Receptus is often called the Majority Text. This text does not add to or omit, the Scriptures as does the Minority Text. Because of its purity, the Majority Text was used by ALL of the 15th - 17th century Protestant Reformers to make their translations. Their choice of the Majority Text brought the wrath of the Roman Church and tens of thousands of true believers who studied and published the real Bible were martyred as a result.
The Minority Texts are, by comparison, dangerously corrupt! They omit scores of words, verses and passages of Scripture. They are totally unreliable and for this reason were rejected by discerning believers down through the centuries. There are two manuscripts that outlasted the earliest papyrus copies of the Scriptures. However to suggest that they are accurate is absurd. Do not forget that early versions like the Peshitta and Italic are some 200 years older than the Sinaiticus and Vaticanus. So do not be taken in by the "oldest is best" lie, because that is just what it is - a lie. The Misleading footnotes that appear in most modern translations ALL cast doubt on the accuracy of the King James Version, and often are proved to be outright lies, and sometimes dangerously misleading.
There Are Two Kinds of Manuscripts:
These manuscripts represent the manuscripts from which the "Textus Receptus" or Received Text was taken.
They are the majority of Greek manuscripts which agree with each other and have been accepted by Bible believing Christians down through the centuries. It is from these manuscripts that the King James Bible was translated in 1611.
These manuscripts represent the corrupted copies of the Bible, also known as the Alexandrian manuscripts. These manuscripts, many times, do not even agree with each other. The Vaticanus and Sinaiticus manuscripts are part of this group. These are the manuscripts on which Westcott and Hort and the modern versions rely so heavily.
There are 5,309 surviving Greek manuscripts that contain all or part of the New Testament. These manuscripts agree together 95% of the time. The other 5% account for the differences between the King James and the modern versions.
The modern versions had to use the Textus Receptus, since it contains the majority of the surviving Greek manuscripts. The problem is that, when the Textus Receptus disagreed with the Vaticanus or the Sinaiticus, they preferred these corrupted manuscripts over the Textus Receptus.
That accounts for the 5% corruption in the modern versions. Even these two manuscripts agree with the Textus Receptus much of the time. When they do not agree, it is because Marcion (120-160 AD) or Origin (184-254 AD) or whoever, corrupted them.
Now, the fact has been established that the modern versions are different than the King James Bible. But, we still need to answer the question: Why are they different?
There are at least 5,309 surviving Greek manuscripts which contain all or part of the New Testament. Plus, there are translations into different languages which date back to within 100 years of the disciples. For example, the Peshitta is a Syrian translation from the 2nd century.
These manuscripts agree with each other about 95% of the time. The problem is, how does one determine what is right in the 5% of the places where the manuscripts do not agree?
(King James Bible) "The Bible is not 'just like any other book.' Satan hates it because it is the Word of God. Satan has been trying to destroy it ever since the Garden of Eden.
"However, God has preserved His Word for us. He preserved the Old Testament through the Levites as priests and He has preserved the New Testament through the body of believers through the witness of the Holy Spirit."
The vast majority of Greek manuscripts agree together. They have been passed down through the centuries by true Bible-believing Christians.
The oldest manuscripts (the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus) are not reliable at all! The Vaticanus and Sinaiticus disagree with each other over 3,000 times in the gospels alone!
Facts About the Vaticanus
It was written on fine vellum (tanned animal skins) and remains in excellent condition. It was found in the Vatican Library in 1481 AD. In spite of being in excellent condition, it omits:
Genesis 1:1 through Genesis 46:28 Psalms 106-138 Matthew 16:2-3 The Pauline Pastoral Epistles Hebrews 9:14-13:25 Revelation
These parts were probably left out on purpose.
In the gospels alone it leaves out 237 words, 452 clauses and 748 whole sentences, which hundreds of later copies agree together as having the same words in the same places, the same clauses in the same places and the same sentences in the same places.
The Vaticanus was available to the translators of the King James Bible, but they didn't use it because they knew it is unreliable. The Vaticanus also contains the Apocrypha.
Facts About the Sinaiticus
The Sinaiticus is a manuscript that was found in 1844 in a trash pile in St. Catherine's Monastery near Mt. Sinai. It contains nearly all of the New Testament plus it adds the "Shepherd of Hermes" and the "Epistle of Barnabas" to the New Testament.
The Sinaiticus is extremely unreliable, proven by examining the manuscript itself. John Burgeon spent years examining every available manuscript of the New Testament. He writes about the Sinaiticus:
"On many occasions 10, 20, 30, 40 words are dropped through very carelessness.
Letters, words or even whole sentences are frequently written twice over, or begun and immediately canceled; while that gross blunder, whereby a clause is omitted because it happens to end in the same words as the clause preceding, occurs no less that 115 times in the New Testament."
On nearly every page of the manuscript there are corrections and revisions, done by 10 different people. Some of these corrections were made about the same time that it was copied, but most of them were made in the 6th or 7th century.
It should be easy for any honest scholar to see the impurity of the Codex Sinaiticus, in every part of it. That fact was fully recognized by those who were best acquainted with it. True scholars from the very beginning have cast it aside as worthless for any practical purpose.
The Vaticanus and Sinaiticus manuscripts might be considered the oldest, but they are not IN NO WAY the best manuscripts!!!
That's where the modern translators went wrong! They foolishly accepted the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus simply because they were old.
They did not attempt to find out why they were so vastly different from the Greek text that real Christians have known to be the infallible Word of God.
When the modern versions say in the footnotes, "Some of the oldest mss.(manuscripts) do not contain vv. 9-20," or "This verse not found in the most ancient authorities," they are taking their information from the corrupt and unreliable Vaticanus and Sinaiticus manuscripts!
Don't fall for the "oldest are the best" line! The oldest are not the best! For example, the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus both leave out the last 12 verses of Mark, concerning the resurrection of Christ. There is not one other manuscript, either uncial or cursive, that leave out this passage. There are 18 other uncial (capital letter) manuscripts that have the passage in and at least 600 cursives (small letter) manuscripts that all contain these verses.
The evidence is at least 618 to 2 against the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus. Yet, look in your modern version. The New American Standard Bible puts all these verses (Mark 16:9-20) in brackets, saying that these verses probably were not in the original writings. The other versions use brackets or footnotes.
That's ridiculous!!! In a court of law, if you had 618 witnesses that saw something happen, and you had two witnesses that said they did not see it happen, would you accept the testimony of the 618 or the testimony of the 2?
You see, it is foolish for any translator to accept a manuscript simply because of age, without checking to find out where it came from and if it was reliable or not.
Why do the modern versions question the virgin birth of Christ, attack the doctrine of the deity of Christ, the infallibility of the Bible, the doctrine of salvation by faith and the Trinity?
That is not all these modern versions corrupt. I do believe, according to James 3:1, that men of God, who would dare go to the pulpits or presume to teach, with these counterfeit bibles, IF THEY DO IT KNOWINGLY, are in grave danger of condemnation.
These corrupt counterfeit bibles lead to weak faith because of the doubt and error which they sow. BE WARNED. Do not be slow to take heed to this warning ESPECIALLY if you are a pastor, or preacher, or teacher of the Word of God.
There are tens of thousands of true believers who were martyred for their love and loyalty to the Word of God. Prophecy tells us that the 42 month antichrist war on the SAINTS will see this same wholesale killing for that same reason - the Word of God. We all have a responsibility to ourselves and others, to believe, study, and LIVE by the teachings found in the real Word of God, the Authorized King James Version, the ONLY Holy Bible for English speaking people.
In the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ, Yeshua THE Messiah, I do pray you will have the humility, understanding, courage and power of the Holy Ghost to escape the deceptions of Lucifer, and to stand up for the Truth.
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